Transporting coal

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Transporting coal by road is a relatively straightforward process, although it does require specialist equipment and suitable vehicles. When planning the transport of coal, it is important to consider several key factors.

Methods of transporting coal by road

Transporting coal by road is a key aspect of the power generation and construction industry. Choosing the right mode of transport is crucial, taking into account the weight and volume of coal being transported. There are several types of vehicles that are used to transport coal by road, depending on the needs and specifics of the job.

Tipper trucks

Tipper trucks are one of the most commonly used vehicles for transporting coal. They are equipped with a special load bed that can be hydraulically lifted, allowing coal to be unloaded easily and quickly. Their loading capacity can range from a few to several tens of tonnes, depending on the size and model of the vehicle. They are ideal for transporting short to medium distances, for example between a mine and a processing or storage site.

Semi-trailer trucks

Semi-trailer trucks are often used to transport larger quantities of coal over long distances. Semi-trailers can be of various designs, but the most commonly used are walking floor or tipper trailers. The movable floor allows the load to be unloaded easily and quickly without having to lift the entire semi-trailer, which is particularly important for large quantities of coal. Tipper trailers operate similarly to tippers, but are capable of holding much more coal.

Containers and cars with a hydraulic truck crane

In some cases, coal can be transported in special containers, which are then placed on the vehicles using a hydraulic crane. Containers provide additional load security and allow for easy storage and transportation of coal. They can be loaded onto standard trucks or special container transport vehicles.

Trucks with tarpaulins

In some situations, such as when transporting bagged coal briquettes, tarpaulin trucks can be used. These vehicles have a trailer covered with a durable tarpaulin that protects the cargo from the weather. They are less common in the coal industry, but can be used in specific situations.

All the vehicles listed must meet certain standards and regulations for safety and efficiency. When choosing a vehicle to transport coal, factors such as transport distance, quantity and type of coal, road conditions and availability of loading and unloading equipment are key.

Equally important is ensuring that the transport company has the necessary experience, licences and insurance. Transport companies that specialise in transporting coal should have robust safety procedures and protocols in place to ensure that transport is carried out in a safe and efficient manner.

How to secure coal before transport?

Securing a load of coal prior to transport by road is a key aspect of ensuring safe and efficient transportation. Below are some of the steps that should be taken by a transport company to properly secure a load:

Coal loading:

Coal loading should be carried out in a controlled and safe manner. In the case of tipper trucks, coal is usually loaded using a wheel loader or excavator. Make sure that the load is evenly distributed throughout the loading area. If transported in containers, the coal should be loaded in a way that allows the container to be safely closed and secured.

Securing the load:

Once the coal is loaded, the load should be properly secured. In the case of tipper trucks, the coal can be secured by covering it with a net or tarpaulin to prevent dispersal of the coal during transport. For containers, the doors should be firmly closed and secured.

Checking the technical condition of the vehicle:

Before leaving on a journey, the transport company should carry out a vehicle health check. This should include an inspection of the tyres, brakes, lights, steering and other key vehicle components. This check should be documented and recorded.

Route planning:

The transport company should plan the route, taking into account weight, height and width restrictions, as well as speed and driving time restrictions. The route plan should take into account loading and unloading needs, as well as potential delays and obstacles on the road.

Compliance with safety regulations:

Throughout the transport process, the transport company should comply with all applicable safety regulations. This should include adherence to regulations regarding driver hours, speed, vehicle weight, as well as other specific coal transport regulations.

Documentation and communication:

Finally, the transport company should keep accurate records of the entire transport process, as well as maintaining constant communication with the driver and the customer. The documentation should include all loading, transport and unloading details, as well as any incidents or problems that may have occurred during transport. Communication with the customer should include regular updates on the status of the shipment and responses to any questions or concerns the customer may have.

It is key to understand that these steps are only general guidelines and may need to be adapted depending on the specifics of the particular transport order. Everything should be done in accordance with applicable regulations and industry standards.

Coal transport by coal haulage company

Ordering transport services to transport coal requires an understanding of the specifics of the commodity, as well as effective communication with the transport company. Here are the steps that should be taken to order a professional and efficient transport service:

Before you contact a transport company, you need to understand your coal transportation requirements. These requirements include the amount of coal to be transported, where to load and unload, the required delivery date, as well as any specific transport requirements, such as special load securing or documentation requirements.

You then need to select the right transport company. Ideally, you should look for a company that is experienced in transporting coal, has the relevant licences and insurance, and has positive references from previous customers.


What types of coal are most commonly transported?

Coal is a widely used raw material in many industries and for this reason different types of coal are often transported by road. Below are the most common types of coal that are transported:

Hard coal:

This is the most commonly transported type of coal, which is used primarily in the production of electricity and heat, but also in metallurgy. Hard coal is hard and heavy, has a high energy level and is relatively clean in terms of impurities. Due to its weight, hard coal is often transported in large quantities by tipper trucks or goods trains.

Lignite (lignite):

Lignite, or lignite, is less energy efficient than hard coal, but is easier to mine and often cheaper. It is mainly used for electricity generation. Due to its moisture content and lower density, transporting lignite may require special precautions to prevent loss of weight and quality during transport.


Coke, which is the product of processing hard coal, is also often transported by road. It is used primarily in the metallurgical industry as a reducing agent in the steelmaking process. Coke is very hard and has a high density, which means that its transport may require special precautions due to its weight and the possibility of damage to other loads.


Charcoal is a type of coal that is produced by burning wood under anoxic conditions. It is widely used in industry and also as a fuel for barbecues. Due to its lightness and brittleness, charcoal must be properly protected during transport to prevent spillage and damage.